Elderly people of Madrid usually go by bus to do their daily living activities. Madrid is a big city with a good public transport infrastructure. Consorcio Regional de Transportes de Madrid (CRTM) is the public institution with the aim to improve the mobility and accessibility in the Madrid Region. At the end of 2011, a total of 177 Municipalities, representing practically the entire population of the Madrid Region belonged to CRTM. The entire public transport system has carried 1495.7 million passengers representing an increase of 0.87 percent over the previous year. This represents an average of 230.5 trips per inhabitant per year, an indicator that puts to the Madrid Region as a reference for use of public transport throughout the country.
City services involved
Bus (and subway) infrastructure. (Mainly bus lines and bus stops). The technology infrastructure will be composed by the NFC public transport cards (with added personalised information), the smartphone to locate the user (through Wi-Fi, GPS, and other means) and the wristband (together with the smartphone) for detecting the users’ activities.
Target elderly population
People over 80 years old that use the public transport and have a Public Transport Card and a smartphone. We will focus in the areas of Madrid where there are more elderly users of the public transport.
We are going to involve in the Madrid test bed 20 people over 80 years old at risk of frailty and/or MCI. This people initially have an “active” life and usually move in the city in public transport (mainly in buses). We will detect their activity and usual behaviour (with the mentioned sensors) and in case there is a change in their usual behaviour, for example not going out of home in a week, an early intervention will be carried. The initial early intervention will consist on a questionnaire to assess, for example, if the person is becoming frailer and is at risk of social isolation. This questionnaire will be sent to the users’ smartphone and if the person does not respond to the questionnaire, he/she will be contacted. Once detected the reason of the behaviour change, an adequate intervention will be deployed. For example, in case of frailty risk, the user will receive in his/her smartphone exercises recommendations
20 people over 80 years old
Activity detection (moving on bus, walking, resting, etc…)
Weekly behaviour change
Frailty risk assessment
Unobtrusive personal data available
The data that is currently available is:
Number of people over 80 years old that have a Public Transport Card
Areas of Madrid, and bus lines that are most frequented by people over 80 years
Frequency of use of public transport by people over 80
Data that will be collected in the test bed is:
We will collect activity data, such as the frequency and time spent in the bus, walking and resting. This will be done through smartphone sensors and/or activity wristbands, and through the bus sensors and NFC Public Transport Card.